Ferns are abundantly represented among the flora in New Zealand. They range from tiny, wispy ground ferns on the forest floor and those growing on the truncks and branches of trees to the tall beautiful ponga or silver ferns. Most of the species thrive best in damp, high rainfall forests.
Toropapa translates as "perfume of the grove". Deliciously scented, trumpet-shaped, deep-crimson flowers are the draw-cards of this slender shrub. Toropapa is common in North Island forests where it grows in association with such species as kauri, but rather rare in the South Island. Flower colour varies from greenish white through pink to red. Toropapa grows into a slender shrub about two meters tall. the juicy fruits are sweet and edible.
Lobelia Koru, an erect-branching herb, grows into a semi-woody shrub up to a meter tall with stricking soft, dull green toothed leaves. During spring and summer racemes of odd-shaped lipped blue flowers appear. Petal bases are deep blue fading to pale blue at the tips. By autumn bushes carry sprays of deep purple berries. Found in shaded areas along coastal and lowland forest and stream sides in northern parts of the North Island.
Alpine flowers consist of many unusual varieties such as the miniature translucent white mountain daisies, cheeky yellow eyebrights, subalpine Maori blue bell and the yellow mountain buttercup. Delicate beauty in contrast to the bleack rocky snow swept environment in which they grow.